The ETF recommends integrating HCD as a priority in actions targeting all phases of migration. This can be a gradual process, and although the development of training courses must be driven by stakeholder needs, the training should be sufficiently diverse to be accessible for both beginners and advanced participants, and the facilitation of participation should become an integral part of migration policy.
The stronger involvement of domestic actors, such as state institutions, NGOs and public providers, can thereby have a positive impact on the attitudes of migrants towards their home country and open opportunities for cooperation on cross-border skills programmes between institutions from both countries.
Finally, these actions must be implemented in parallel, through a joint effort with employers, to set minimum standards of decent employment across sectors of the economy. Such actions should address the main deficiencies, such as precarious working conditions, etc.