Conduct a review of the costs of reforming training to meet the demand for higher skills and better labour market participation
The review should gather evidence from multiple stakeholders, including employers and community organisations. It should consider short- and-medium- term costs as well as possible sources of funding.
Revise and update the employment policy
A substantial effort is the needed to increase the number of quality jobs. This should be a major component of a revised employment strategy that should promote job creation and forge pathways to higher skilled employment. In the previous revision, employment policy shifted from passive to active measures. The next one should integrate human capital development to combat informality by offering pathways into quality employment. This could be achieved through a new countrywide training scheme aimed at lower- and mid-qualification levels (e.g., 1-4) that includes young people.
The programme should provide a 'steppingstone' into primary labour market jobs, improve and increase broad-based work-related training and boost the 'life chances' of participants. The programme should improve the status of many jobs. The target group must include both employed and unemployed individuals because many jobs offer unstable employment and few training opportunities.
Support the participation of women in the labour force and work
The government should review its policies in education and employment to identify areas where women are disadvantaged and work on new programmes to support their participation in continuing training and employment, particularly for those women who face multiple barriers to employment. The government should work with employers to identify and eliminate pay discrimination.