Labour markets and employability: trends and challenges in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine - short version updated March 2011

This paper presents a cross-country overview of the trends and challenges of labour markets and human capital employability in the six Eastern partners of the European Union (EU) – Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, the Republic of Moldova [hereafter Moldova] and Ukraine – over two decades of turbulent transition.

It is based on a more extensive publication1 and provides readers with a shorter version primarily focused on employment, education and training policies. Both publications are the outcome of the ETF Black Sea Labour Market Reviews project implemented between 2008 and 2010.

This project included six country background papers followed by a comparative regional study analysing the major developments of two decades of transition. The project aimed at improving labour market analysis and forecasting in the Eastern partners and at supporting evidence-based policy making processes in employment, education and training in the light of the New Skills for New Jobs perspective (European Commission, 2008a).

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