Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan

R.9

Establish mechanisms for the recognition of non-formal and informal learning

The ETF recommends establishing a mechanism for the recognition and validation of informal and non-formal learning in order to capitalise on the skills obtained in this way. It also recommends expanding the coverage and impact of adult education as a policy priority.

R.8

Incentivise employers to participate in the creation of opportunities for lifelong learning

The ETF recommends creating flexible schemes to encourage the participation of employers in the creation of lifelong learning opportunities, for instance through co-financing schemes for the professional training of adults in employment and those looking for employment, based on training and curricula in the VET sector.

R.7

Close the data gap in the area of adult education and lifelong learning

The ETF recommends addressing the gap between the availability of evidence on adult education and lifelong learning. A first step in that direction would be to analyse the OECD's national PIAAC data, which is a rich repository of information on the skills of the adult population that can be used for monitoring and policy planning purposes.

R.6

Revisit and calibrate the financial allocations for VET to increase capital investment

The ETF recommends rebalancing the financial allocations for VET to increase capital investment in areas of significance that affect the contribution of VET to human capital development. Examples of such areas are up-to-date teaching and learning materials, including materials in priority languages for integrated learning; high-speed internet connectivity and e-learning content; and improvements in the physical infrastructure of all VET colleges to ensure that they can provide decent, up-to-date teaching and learning environments.

R.5

Stimulate the involvement of employers by creating incentives and favourable conditions for their participation in the advancement of VET

The ETF recommends providing employers with incentives – financial or otherwise – to get involved in consultations around the design of VET programmes. These incentives should be robust and ambitious enough to boost the currently modest level of involvement of SMEs in work-based learning schemes and partnerships.

R.4

Upgrade the quality assurance system in VET in line with priorities for human capital development

The ETF recommends bringing the quality assurance system in VET colleges 'up to speed' with the range of changes taking place in the rest of the VET system. This includes shifting the focus of quality assurance from mere compliance with norms to promoting the performance of VET providers and guiding their improvement, as well as investing in the development of robust internal quality assurance mechanisms in VET.

R.3

Revise the career guidance services with a view to improving their effectiveness

The ETF recommends recalibrating the focus of career guidance services to include the needs and expectations of students in addition to considering labour market demand. There is also a need for better coordination of career guidance provision.

R.2

Revise the mechanism for planning and allocating state order places to VET providers

The ETF recommends revising the mechanism of allocation used by the state order for priority programmes in VET, so that it leads to a more balanced distribution of opportunities for participation in VET in line with regional needs and conditions.