Policy dialogue in vocational education: What role for civil society organisations?

Developments in vocational education intersect with social, economic and labour market policies, impacting young people and adults, as well as the employed and the unemployed. Governments across countries establish dialogue and cooperation with a wide variety of stakeholders to respond to the diverse needs of these groups through formal and non-formal learning. This paper investigates the specific role of civil society organisations in the VET policy cycle and governance ecosystem, drawing on the results of an ETF pilot survey carried out in 2018 in a selected group of countries from the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean.