Global inventory of regional and national qualifications frameworks 2019 – Volume II: National and regional cases

This publication gathers information on progress in establishing national qualifications frameworks (NQFs), as well as the challenges and success factors in implementation. It shows how countries around the globe are reforming their education systems by improving the quality and relevance of their qualifications. Volume II comprises more than 100 country chapters, from all the continents, plus seven world regions chapters. The country chapters describe the characteristics and analyse the development and implementation of the national frameworks. They provide the educational, social, economic and policy context which shape countries’ NQFs; assess the application of learning outcomes in the national education system; summarise the governance, stakeholder and legislative arrangements countries have adopted; examine the links between NQFs and associated policies, instruments and services; and conclude with an assessment of impact, successes and challenges.