Core and entrepreneurial skills in vocational education and training
ETF's report on "Core and entrepreneurial skills in vocational education and training" follows the implementation of a number of projects on standards development in the New Independent States, and in particular in Kazakhstan. Local experts, who investigated the needs of employers, highlighted that the availability of core and entrepreneurial skills, in additional to the "technical" ones, is a critical issue. This publication, produced at the request of partner countries' experts, intends to clarify the development and use of core and entrepreneurial skills. The report also shows how these skills were concretely developed in Kazakhstan, in consultation with employers. It therefore tries to make a bridge between the concepts, theories and practical steps which VET practitioners can take to help young people develop skills that are of immediate use to employers in transition economies.