Transition to work

Young graduates and early school leavers face significant challenges in making the transition from education and training to the labour market. Not only are they less likely to have gained much work experience, but they are also less experienced in job search methods, and often lack interview and presentation skills. Therefore, their chances of falling into unemployment are greater, and they often encounter higher rates of turnover than older workers when they do find a job.

Research carried out in OECD countries has shown that without efforts to support early labour market entry, young people can face long spells of unemployment. This poses a serious risk of long-term negative effects on employment and wages, particularly for vulnerable groups, such as those with the lowest levels of educational attainment.

As part of our general support for employment and employability, we undertake regular monitoring of the labour market and employment situation in each of our partner countries.  In the specific area of transition to work, we have recently mapped policies supporting youth transition in Eastern European countries. We are consolidating the results of this mapping, and making the resulting insights, and our wider expertise, available for EU funded regional programming in the field of youth employability.

At an event in Lisbon, Portugal, in 2017, we brought colleagues from a partner country on a study visit focusing on knowledge transfer in employment and skills practices to promote youth employability and transition to work. The event involved experts from Portugal’s Institute of Employment and Professional Training sharing innovative ideas in areas such as transition from school to work, job creation, and monitoring and evaluating the outcomes of integrated policies and programmes for young jobseekers.