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Tajikistan is struggling to adapt its workforce to the needs of the labour market. The need for skilled specialists and creating local employment are becoming increasingly urgent. Tajikistan has a generally poor quality workforce, with limited mobility. After completing primary and secondary education many young people enter the labour market each year without vocational education and training (VET). As a result, approx. 80% of active jobseekers are unskilled, a situation that requires substantial reform to strengthen the economic and social contributions of the VET system, which is overseen by the Ministry of Labour.
The Ministry of Labour has drafted a law to strengthen the rapidly growing system of adult education. Some 28 adult training institutes provide short courses mainly for the unemployed and potential migrants. Meanwhile, the a law to train specialists based on labour market needs, aims to bring the VET system in line with labour market and employment needs.
While standards for quality assurance and quality management are being legislated, quality assurance measurements are very fragmented, differing between regions.


• Social partnership – increase cooperation between education and business and implement new social partnership law
• Quality assurance: Developing quality indicators and mechanisms for monitoring and assessing the quality of education and training
• Continuous Professional Development (CPD) of VET teachers and trainers

ETF’s Role

• Support the development of Torino Process reporting with expert peer learning and coaching.
• Support VET school directors in introducing quality management and assurance mechanisms
• Use regional survey findings to develop recommendations for strengthening a demand-oriented CPD
• Support to EU Delegation

For more info, contact the ETF Country Desk: Ian Cumming, +39 011 630 2572, e-mail:

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