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Results of the migration and skills surveys

The ETF conducted surveys on potential and returning migration in several countries:

  •  Albania, Egypt, Moldova and Tunisia (November - December 2006)
  • Ukraine  (September - November 2007)
  • Georgia and Armenia (December 2011 - January 2012)
  • Morocco (May - July 2012)

The target group of the migration survey was made up of individuals aged 18-40 (18-50 in Armenia, Georgia and Morocco), while returning migrants were defined as those who left the survey country aged 18 or over, lived and worked abroad continuously for at least 6 months (at least 3 months in Armenia, Georgia and Morocco) and returned within the previous ten years.

The questionnaire used during the survey on potential migrants covered the following issues:

  • Intentions to migrate
  • Reasons to migrate / to do not migrate
  • Prefered destination countries
  • Pre-departure training and participation in public or private programmes to migrate
  • Future intentions of those who intend to migrate
  • Socio-demographic characteristics, including labour market situation, educational level, etc.

The questionnaire answered by returning migrants covered:

  • Reason for having migrated
  • Preparation of migration
  • Country/countries and lenght of migration
  • Job(s) abroad
  • Remittances and their use
  • Reasons for return
  • Labour market situation after return
  • Savings and their use: entrepreneurship
  • Intentions to re-emigrate: reasons and countries
  • Socio-demographic characteristics, including labour market situation, educational level, etc.

 The full datasets are available at http s://lnconnections02.etf.europa.eu/communities/community/datasets  (requires previous registration)



Topics

    VET system assessment

    Lifelong learning

    Put simply, lifelong learning means that people can – and should have the opportunity to – learn throughout their lives.

    Skills and migration

    Skills and migration

    Increased labour mobility across borders brings the skills issue onto the international agenda so the ETF also focuses on policy actions related to skills and employment of both emigrants and returnees.

    Entrepreneurial learning

    Entrepreneurial learning

    The ETF aims to develop the capacity of partner country institutions and other stakeholders in developing, monitoring and reviewing policies in the areas of entrepreneurial learning and enterprise skills.

    Employment and Employability

    Employment and Employability

    “Employment”: promoting better functioning and inclusive labour markets and vocational education and training systems in ETF partner countries.

    Qualifications Systems

    Qualifications Systems

    The ETF's role in qualifications is to provide expertise for the reform of qualifications systems in partner countries, in their various stages of planning and implementation.

    Learning and teaching in VET

    Learning and teaching in VET

    Teachers are a critical factor in education reforms. The ETF takes therefore the role of schools and teachers seriously throughout its work.

    VET quality assurance

    VET quality assurance

    Quality assurance is provided through the development of methodological instruments to facilitate a structured policy learning process, integrating quality assurance principles, and reinforcing the quality assurance dimension in the Torino Process.

    VET Governance

    People around a table

    Governance modes and models have a high correlation with the overall performance of education and training policies, influencing their strategic formulation and implementation.

Projects

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