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Kyrgyzstan has a young population, with those under 30 representing approx. 60% of the total population, placing pressure on education and labour markets.
Public expenditure on education is above the OECD average. However, the available budget per student is very limited. The share of VET in secondary education is approx. 9% (2011), growth is due to popularity of VET as a preferred route into higher education. Vocational skills influence employment chances. Unemployment rates of those aged 15+ population are consistently lower for those with vocational skills compared to unskilled jobseekers.

Responsibility for VET, including the VET Agency, and youth policies, falls under the Ministry of Education and Science. Employment and labour issues falls under the Ministry for Social Development. VET is part of the Education Development Strategy 2012–2020. A National Skills Council and three Sector Councils have been working support better interaction between VET and the labour market, including the creation of occupational standards and competence-based learning content. Sector analysis studies and a graduate tracer methodology are underway, while the independent accreditation of education providers is now mandatory. Progress has also been made in monitoring the progress of short-course VET graduates, and how to combine employer-led certification with long-course VET exams.



• Develop a better understanding of economic and labour market demands, tools and methods
• Capacity building to analyse evidence to develop policy
• Operationalise social partnerships to improve the relevance of VET
• CPD of VET teachers and trainers


ETF’s Role

• Support for tracer study methodology and sector council/analysis
• Torino Process - self-assessment
• VET Provision and quality (regional)
• Support to the EU Delegation


For more info, contact the ETF Country Desk: Christine Hemschemeier
+39 011 630 2272, e-mail

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