Kazakhstan: ETF helps strengthen social partners
Thematic Area: VET Governance
The ETF held a workshop on social partnership in vocational education and training (VET) and on education and business cooperation in Astana, Kazakhstan on 18 April.
Some twenty participants participated in the event, among them representatives of employers’ organizations, trade unions, enterprises, vocational schools, ministry of education. The ETF team used a mix of methods to stimulate dialogue and to gain a common insight into the next of actions.
Kazakhstan is currently reforming its VET system. Last year the country adopted legislation on cooperative VET i.e., a dual system combining theoretical education in school and practical training in enterprises.
‘Implementation of such a system requires cooperation between education and social partners at different levels—from reform of occupational standard and curricula to practical organization of training at work places,’ says Dagmar Ouzoun, ETF country manager for Kazakhstan. ‘There is however no systematic social dialogue on VET in Kazakhstan.’
Among the challenges Kazakhstan faces are differences among Kazakhstan’s regions in their economic situation and population. Some have industrial centres, while others predominantly rural and sparsely populated areas. This diversity calls for different approaches in VET.
Attracting small and medium enterprises to take part in the organization of practical training for VET students is a difficult task.
Kazakhstan needs to combine traditional and new technologies in education policies and implementation, including VET reform.
The workshop in Astana was one of examples how the ETF is supporting the social partners in VET in Kazakhstan by providing opportunities for mutual learning.
Photo: Rashida Shaikenova, President of Kazakh Tourist Association, speaking at ETF workshop in Astana, Kazakhstan.