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Skills and migration

Skills and migration

Most ETF partner countries have difficult labour market conditions that lead to significant labour market emigration and many migration flows are intraregional. Increased labour mobility across borders brings the skills issue onto the international agenda, while education systems are increasingly under pressure to produce qualified human resources both for domestic and foreign labour markets. Specific policy actions related to skills and employment of both emigrants and returnees are necessary to facilitate mobility, mitigate negative effects and increase the benefits of circular migration to their countries of origin.

Based on the overarching policy framework of the EU external migration policy (Global Approach to Migration and Mobility – GAMM) which gives priority to the European Neighbourhood, the EU has already signed Mobility Partnerships (MP) agreements with Moldova (2008), Georgia (2009), Armenia (2011) and Morocco (2013) and it has launched migration dialogues with Tunisia, Azerbaijan and Jordan that might eventually lead to similar MP agreements. These agreements include provisions on education, training and employment systems and ETF upon the request of the EC is to contribute to these dimensions. This is also linked with ETF work on qualifications.



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