ETF and European University Institute to build inventory of migrant support measures
On 19 November the ETF and the researchers from the European University Institute (EUI) in Florence, Italy, kicked-off a new project. It will provide the evidence to guide policy making and EU cooperation with the neighbouring countries in the field of legal migration, particularly from a skills and employment perspective.
The project will review the migrant support measures implemented throughout the world from the perspective of skills and employment, and assess their cost-effectiveness and impact. The researchers will also take a closer look at the cases of some of the partner countries that concluded the mobility partnerships with the EU.
According to Philippe Fargues, who is one of the scientific directors of the project, and heads the Migration Policy Centre at the EUI, migration until now has been mainly managed by the receiving states.
‘The sending countries can have a role – the states but not only the states – in making the migration work better for them,’ said Mr Fargues. ‘This is exactly what I expect from this project: we are going to raise the profile of the sending country in the migration scene.’
What are migrant support measures?
The project defines migrant support measures as all policy interventions in the sending countries that aim to improve labour market integration of migrant workers and reduce the underutilization of their skills. The inventory will gather the measures in nine categories:
• International job matching,
• Pre-departure information, orientation or training,
• Protection of rights and labour market integration,
• Support to return migrants including active labour market measures,
• Entrepreneurship and business start-up support for retun migrants,
• Enhancing migrant workers’ skills prior to migration,
• Assessment, certification, validation and the recognition of migrants’ skills,
• Improving the use of migrant workers’ skills,
• Capitalizing on skills across borders.
The result of the project will be a general critical inventory of the support measures as well as reports from country case studies (Armenia, Georgia, Moldova, Morocco and Tunisia) and a policy brief that will discuss the policy implications for the EU.
Alessandra Venturini, executive director of the Consortium for Applied Research on International Migration (CARIM) at the EUI said that there is no migration policy that can manage well migration in the short time, in the long time and the probability of return at the same time.
‘As a policy maker, you have to decide what your objectives are. Do you want the migrant to come back? Do you want the migrant to remain for life? Do you want to reduce the time the migrant searches for a job? Do you want to open to them opportunities for careers? The project will help us better understand why some interventions are better than other, and how the countries differ in this respect,’ said Ms Venturini.