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Albania has enjoyed economic growth that slowed following the years of global financial and economic crisis. Key sectors include agriculture and food processing, trade and services. SMEs represent 95% of business and around one quarter of the working population migrates for work, to Italy or Greece or other EU countries, on a temporary or seasonal basis.

Albania is undergoing wide-ranging legislative and policy reforms in education, with plans to modernise employment services and policies.  Reform of vocational education and training (VET) is part of the Economic Reform Programme and National Employment and Skills Strategy and Action Plan 2020.  Responsibility falls under the Ministry of Social Welfare and Youth, which is overhauling the legal framework for VET and employment; reorganising the VET provider network; developing an Albanian Qualifications Framework; curricula revision and introducing practice learning (with dual system elements); quality assurance and teacher training.

The number of VET students is rising and pilots are underway to strengthen dual training elements in certain sectors. Efforts are being made to improve the transition to work with the creation of a modernised network of employment offices, a new model of service delivery and better-funded and targeted active labour market policies at local level. Albania has also been establishing teacher training units in selected schools or training centres – a model that could be replicated, and has been exploring possible ways to establish networks including CPD professionals and VET teachers to foster horizontal learning.      


• Foster decent job opportunities through effective labour market policies - referring to employment services and programmes
• Offer quality VET for youth and adults
• Promote social inclusion and territorial cohesion - extending employment and vocational training services to rural areas
• Strengthen the governance of the labour market and qualification systems - incorporating the further development of financing models, the Albanian Qualifications Framework, and the legal and institutional frameworks

ETF’s role

• Support drafting of new VET legislation with international donors GIZ, ILO
• Expertise and support to implementation of Albanian Qualifications Framework, including analysis of existing vocational qualifications
• A focus on work-based learning and quality assurance
•  Coordinating empirical research to establish the current situation relating to the continual professional development of teacher training in VET


For more info, contact the ETF Country Desk:
Evelyn Viertel 39 011 630 2379, email

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